The skin changes significantly during puberty: it becomes thicker, shiny and less soft. Blemishes such as spots and blackheads, with varying degrees of severity, appear and sometimes continue through to adulthood.

At this point in time, women are much more likely to be affected than men. Although multiple factors are involved in the initiation and persistence of blemishes, make-up can play a key role. However, it is important to avoid acne cosmetica, not choose the wrong foundation, and adopt good make-up habits if you are experiencing blemishes.


What is acne cosmetica?

In the event of spots and blackheads, the medical community speaks of “dysseborrhoea”, an imbalance in sebum composition characteristic of acne-prone skin, and sometimes of “acne cosmetica”.

In this case, blemishes are caused by the inappropriate use of make-up products. Either the products chosen are comedogenic, and not at all suitable for acne-prone skin, or they are too occlusive and smother the skin, especially if primer, foundation and powder are used in combination.

Over time and through the years, pores become blocked and inflammatory reactions are triggered, resulting in redness, irritation and itching. To conceal these blemishes, even more products are applied, and this accumulation ends up causing an acne flare-up.

Dermatologists frequently see women with acne caused by this type of external factor.

It’s a vicious circle: the more you use foundation to cover up your spots, the greater the risk of worsening the situation.


Foundation and acne

Can you apply powder or high-coverage foundation when you have acne? Acne patients used to be discouraged from wearing make-up. But blemishes can be hard to accept in the full light of day!

Today, formulas have changed and it’s absolutely normal to want to cover up your blemishes as much as possible. Obviously, you’ll want to choose a suitable foundation and concealer, if using one. They should be non-comedogenic and specifically formulated for oily acne-prone skin.

Avoid high-coverage foundations with a mask effect as well as thick and compact powders – use loose powders instead. Ideally, you’ll want a make-up product that will both conceal your blemishes and treat your acne. For example, you could go for a medicated tinted cream or else a special BB cream for oily skin.

Acne and make-up aren’t incompatible, provided that you adopt some good basic hygiene habits. This recommendation is valid for all skin types in general but is non-negotiable for acne-prone skin.

You should start by thoroughly washing your hands before applying any make-up. You can use a medicated tinted concealer to treat sensitive spots.

As for foundation, it’s best to use a special brush, instead of your fingers. Lightly apply it to your entire face. Powder should be used only on a few targeted critical areas, such as the T-zone. And always remember to wash your hands again once you’ve finished. Above all, clean any brushes and sponges you’ve used with soap and water at least once a week to prevent bacterial growth.

Woman putting make-up